Reykjavik: The Capital of Cool. Throbbing with life by day and by night, all year round, Reykjavik is just as much a part of the Icelandic experience as the midnight sun or the magical landscapes forged by ice and fire. Reykjavik, with its neighboring communities, has a population of around 180,000 and offers an interesting mix of cosmopolitan culture and local village roots.
Thingvellir (“parliament plains”),the Alþing general assembly was established around 930 and continued to convene there until 1798. Major events in the history of Iceland have taken place at Thingvellir.
Vestmannaeyjar (Westman Islands) is a small archipelago off the south coast of Iceland. Only the largest, Heimaey, is inhabited.
Keflavik International Airport lies on the Reykjanes peninsula, 31 miles southwest of Iceland’s capital Reykjavik (about a 40-minute drive).
Geysir is the oldest known geyser and one of the world’s most impressive examples of the phenomenon. Eruptions at Geysir can hurl boiling water up to 60 metres in the air. However, eruptions may be infrequent, and have in the past stopped altogether for years at a time.
Hekla is Iceland’s most active volcano; over 20 outbreaks having occurred in and around the volcano since 874. During the Middle Ages, Icelanders called the volcano the "Gateway to Hell."
Jökulsárlón is the best known and the largest of a number of glacial lakes in Iceland. It is situated at the south end of the glacier Vatnajökull.
Akureyri is a town located in the northern part of Iceland; it is the second largest urban area after Reykjavík.
Latrabjarg is a 14 km long, sheer cliff with an east-west direction on the northern coastline of Iceland’s second largest bay, Breidafjordur.
Snaefellsjökull is a stratovolcano with a glacier covering its summit. The mountain is one of the most famous sites of Iceland, primarily due to the novel Journey to the Center of the Earth (1864), written by the French author Jules Verne.
The Blue Lagoon is a unique geothermal spa where guests relax in warm geothermal seawater.
Isafjordur is a town in the north west of Iceland. With a population of about 4,000 Isafjordur is the largest town in the peninsula of Vestfirdir, and the seat of the Isafjardarbaer municipality.
Djúpivogur is a typical small Icelandic fishing village on the east coast of Iceland with around 400 inhabitants.
Egilsstadir is the largest town of east Iceland and its main service, transportation and administration center.
Vatnajokull is the largest glacier in Iceland. It is located in the south-east of the island, covering more than 8% of the country.
Vik Vík í Mýrdal in full) is the southernmost village in Iceland. Nearby is a beautiful black beach with the Reynisdrangar, black basalt columns sculpted by the sea.
Húsavík is a small town in the north of Iceland on the shores of Skjálfandi bay. Húsavík has become a centre of whale watching in the north due to whales of different species that frequently enter the bay.
Mývatn is a shallow eutrophic lake situated in an area of active volcanism in the north of Iceland, not far from Krafla volcano. The lake and its surrounding wetlands have an exceptionally rich fauna of waterbirds, especially ducks. The lake was created by a large basaltic lava eruption 2300 years ago, and the surrounding landscape is dominated by volcanic landforms, including lava pillars and rootless vents (pseudocraters).
Grímsey is a small island 40 kilometres (25 mi) north of Iceland, situated directly on the Arctic Circle. It is the northernmost inhabited Icelandic territory.
Höfn í Hornafirði is an Icelandic fishery town in the southeastern part of the country. Trips are offered to the nearby Vatnajökull glacier. A cultural highlight of the town is the annual Humarhátíð (lobster festival) held in early July.